Sports medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with physical fitness, treatment, and prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise.
Sports medicine has emerged within the last decade to be a distinct entity in health care.
Sport and Exercise Medicine(SEM) doctors are specialist physicians who have completed medical school, residency training in a specialty such as physiatry or orthopedics, as well as additional fellowship training in Sport and Exercise Medicine. Specializing in the treatment of athletes and other physically active individuals, they have extensive education in musculoskeletal medicine.
SEM doctors treat injuries such as muscle, ligament, tendon and bone problems, but may also treat chronic illnesses that can affect physical performance, such as asthma and diabetes. SEM doctors also advise on managing and preventing injuries.